The city of Cusco, is located in the south eastern Andean zone. Her name in Quechua
It means "navel or center of the world" for having been the capital of the empire or Tawantinsuyo
(Four regions). According to legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac and Mama
Occllo from Lake Titicaca.
The Incan Cusco monumental dates from the fifteenth century and is attributed to the Inca Pachacutec (1438-1471) the construction of its most impressive buildings, which highlights the fine carved in stone, the perfect fit between them and trapezoidal doors. They can see the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, in the top of the city; Korikancha (Temple of the Sun), which had built the convent of Santo Domingo, and on the street Hatun Rumiyoc (2 blocks from the main square) a wall that includes the famous Inca stone of 12 angles.
Since the arrival of the Spaniards, Cusco became a mestizo and colonial city with splendid buildings on the foundations of Inca architecture, which developed a mestizo own style in architecture and painting, which can be admired in the Cathedral and
Church of the Society of Jesus.
Known as Archaeological Capital of America, the city was declared Cultural Heritage
Of Mankind by UNESCO in 1983 and is one of the main centers of activity
Tourism in South America.
Cuzco: 3360 m; Sacred Valley: 2900 meters
By air: daily flights from Lima (55 minutes), Arequipa (35 minutes), Puerto Maldonado
(30 minutes) and La Paz, Bolivia (1 hour flights interdays).
Via rail from Puno, 384 km in 10 hours.
By land: by bus from Lima; traveling 1131 km during 19 hours (via Nasca and Abancay);
From Puno, 389 km (6 hours) and from Arequipa, 518 km (10 hours via Juliaca).
Cuzco has accommodations in all categories, including 5-star hotel, air-conditioned
With good restaurants.
Visits to museums and churches, handicraft markets, eco-tourism, trekking, hiking
Biking, canoeing, climbing, bungee jumping, balloon flights, horseback riding.
The cuisine, the various celebrations and traditional markets and Chincheros
Restaurants in several categories, rental of equipment for hiking, camping and canoeing.
Transportation. Cars and buses, guided tours.