Peru has a large variety of climates, and ecological production areas. From the 117 life zones recognized in the world, 84 are found in Peru. Of the 32 types climate of the Earth, in Peru are 28.
Holds 13% of the Amazon rainforest. As for total area of forests, is the eighth largest country worldwide. Cannons Colca and Cotahuasi,
Arequipa, will compete for the sitial be the deepest of the earth. The largest river of
World, the Amazon, born in Peru and the highest navigable lake in the world, the Titicaca
Mostly belongs to the Peruvian territory.
Peru is one of only twelve countries in the world possess biological megadiversity.
It has nearly 25000 species of plants (10% of the world total), of which 30% are endemic (found only in our territory).
With regard to wildlife, is the first country to fish diversity (2000 species, equivalent to 10% of the world total), the first in birds (1816 species, including condor), the third of amphibians (379 species, including black crocodile), the third in mammals (462 species, including the black bear and otorongo of glasses) and the first to butterflies.
It is the second country in the world in a variety of primate species with 35, one endemic, the yellow-tailed woolly.
They are classified as originating from Peru 460 1745 species poultry, 297 332 1800 fish both the marine and water sweet and thousands of species of mollusks, echinoderms, arachnids and insects of all kinds.
They originated in Peru, among others, the following human species arable utility:
Achira, achiote, chili (of various types, including rocoto), cotton, caigua, caimito, sweet potato, camu camu, cañihua, cantuta, cherimoya, coca cocona, eucaris, granadilla, soursop, guarana, guava, heliótropo, huacatay, kiwicha, lucuma, maca, passion fruit, mashua, goose, olluco, pacae, toothpick, pallares, potatoes, papaya, cucumber, keno or chinchona, quinoa, tarwi, tomb, tuna, yucca, squash.
In addition to hosting large numbers of species originating, biologists consider Peru "
Noah's ark of modern times "by having a great diversity of species outreach regional, continental and global levels, in conditions of exceptional density. In an km2 forests of Madre de Dios can be seen 800 bird species, twice as many as in all of Europe and
In offshore islands, known as guano islands, we see the greatest concentrations of seabirds on the planet, which is in the millions. In turn, the sea
Peru is one of the seven fishing marine basins in the world, which has the highest
Biomass and diversity of available water resources